The biggest element of a modern aesthetic (and the easiest to integrate) is a preference for open spaces, clean lines, and no clutter. Remove any piece of furniture that is not absolutely necessary. Get comfortable with the idea that less is more. For instance, a bookcase with only a few books attractively displayed looks more dramatic and classy than a bookcase jammed with books.
Painting is the quickest way to dramatically alter the look of any room. To achieve a modern aesthetic, opt for cool neutrals (like bluish grey or crisp whites). If possible, try to match the tone of your furniture and other big items. You can bring in bold colors with your accents and accessories. For instance, lime greens, oranges, and reds all look beautiful against the backdrop of a modern neutral color scheme.
Today, modernity is not just about achieving a clean, sterile aesthetic à la 2001: A Space Odyssey. It’s about finding new ways to enjoy and appreciate the past. For instance, take an old wagon wheel and throw a piece of glass on top of it to make a one-of-a-kind coffee table. This type of repurposing is called “reclaimed modern,” and it is one of the most popular trends in modern decor and construction right now.